The Global Energy brought Nobel Prize laureates together in Saint Petersburg: “Global Minds-Global Solutions Discussions”
The Global Energy Non-profit Partnership in cooperation with Roscongress Foundation brought the Nobel Prize laureates together within the framework of SPIEF-2016. During the “Global Minds-Global Solutions Discussion” the smartest minds of humanity spoke about the global problems facing our planet up to 2033 (200-anniversary of Alfred Nobel). Besides the Nobel Prize laureates, the Global Energy Prize laureates and representatives of RAS also participated in the meeting.
There is an obvious growth in a number of outmoded professions of the XX and early XXI century due to the global automation. According to Nobel laureate Christopher Pissarides, global unemployment may soon become a global challenge. Artificial intellect forces out human labour that may lead to negative implications in the upcoming 50 years. Possible solution of this challenge is in the development of new types of professions.
«You will be surprised to find out that among European countries, Germany is the one where people work the least number of working hours due to advanced technological solutions at hand. You will be also surprised to know that the country with the largest amount of working hours in Europe is Greece, despite the common perception of the Greeks as the laziest Europeans», Pissarides noted.
Scientist assures that service and creative industries will become the drivers of development, as a machine can’t interchange a human in the fields of direct communication and arts.
Another global challenge, according to Nobel Peace Prize winner Rodney John Allam, is the manmade environmental pollution. Mr. Allam finds essential the greenhouse gas and carbon dioxide emissions reduction. «International, political acceptance of this issue and COP 21 agreement that will limit global warming to well below 2°C by cutting emissions is a huge step forward», scientist added.
Mr. Allam also brings into view the necessity of new technological solutions development that will mark down current level of environmental pollution.
Health service issues also become globally challenging. RAS member Alexander Rasumov blamed the medicine for its disregard for healthy people: « There is only 1 healthy person for 9 diseased ones globally nowadays, so the lack of human resource may soon become a worldwide challenge. That is why health service should focus on healthy people». In Mr. Rasumov’s opinion, such twist may increase living standards and keep the population healthy.
Valentin Parmon, RAS member and the 2016 Global Energy Prize laureate suggested that “the call for saving the nature is absolutely correct, but according to geologists the climate change is not the result of anthropogenic impact. The man cased CO2 and methane emissions into the atmosphere are ridiculously small compared to what happens in nature”. He described living standards disparity in different countries as the main driver of global uncertainty.
Other panelists of the session were the Nobel Peace Prize laureates Riccardo Valentini, Jean Jouzel and Rae Kwon Chung, RAS President Vladimir Fortov and RAS member Anatoly Dmitrievskiy.