Select Language

NEWS

RECOGNISING OUTSTANDING ACHIEVEMENTS IN ENERGY

The Global Energy Prize annually honors outstanding achievements in energy research and technology from around the world that are helping address the world’s various and pressing energy challenges.

The Global Energy Prize Summit: new energy paradigm and technologies – the response to the stressful global energy development

The Global Energy Prize Summit’2016 took place in Moscow on November 23. It united the world-famous scientists and leading experts from 6 countries for a polemic discussion on the topic "Stress scenario of the world energy development". This was the key event of the V International forum on energy efficiency and energy development ENES 2016. The Global Energy Prize laureates and the members of the International Award Committee while trying to predict the future of the industry came to the conclusion that the new energy paradigm and new technologies are the best response to contemporary challenges.

The Global Energy Prize Summit’2016 took place in Moscow on November 23. It united the world-famous scientists and leading experts from 6 countries for a polemic discussion on the topic "Stress scenario of the world energy development". This was the key event of the V International forum on energy efficiency and energy development ENES 2016. The Global Energy Prize laureates and the members of the International Award Committee while trying to predict the future of the industry came to the conclusion that the new energy paradigm and new technologies are the best response to contemporary challenges.

"The situation in energy sector is very complicated. In accordance with the UN requirements, one of the goals of the world sustainable development is providing of overall access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services by 2030. The rapid growth of the world population inevitably increases global consumption, whereas the problem of energy shortage has affected nearly 4 billion people in 2015", - said the moderator of the Summit, President of “Global Energy” Association Igor Lobovsky. “The majority of analysts believe that we should not expect the revolution in the energy sector by ’40-‘50s of the XXI century and fossil fuel will prevail. At the same time, every day we hear about the boom of renewable energy sources, but can they adequately replace fossil fuels?”.

In opinion of the Global Energy Prize laureate 2012, technical director at Net Power LLC Rodney John Allam, the power plants of a new type, which are the absolutely pure power systems, will have critical importance while hydrocarbons will keep their dominant role. Rodney Allam developed the process cycle for these plants, which allows to capture all carbon dioxide and reuse it to generate electricity. An additional advantage of the energy systems – producing electricity at a minimum price (30-40% cheaper compared to coal stations). The first such power plant with capacity of 50 MW will be launched in the USA in the spring in 2017. Also Rodney Allam noted that such technologies are especially important in relation to the Paris agreement and the adoption of world powers, including Russia, commitments to reduce CO2 emissions.

Speaking about the environmental aspects of energy, the Global Energy Prize laureate 2008, RAS academician Oleg Favorsky stressed that “the climate depends on the radiative heat transfer between the Earth and space, and water evaporation accounts for 60% in it. It leads to climate change, so pricing on CO2 emissions is a pure speculation".

In opposition to this opinion, the member of the Global Energy Prize International Award Committee, advisor to the Chair of HELP (High-level Expert and Leaders Panel) on Water and Disaster for the Secretary-General of the UN, the member of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change which was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007 Rae Kwon Chung is convinced that ecologically harmful hydrocarbon decisions affect the global climate change. He believes that the world needs a new paradigm: the paradigm of three "E" - energy, economy and ecology. It implies the close intertwining of these three categories: "clean" renewable energy stimulates economic growth without damaging the environment. The technologies in this paradigm plays an important role, with the critical cooperation of the private and public sectors. “The government should be involved in the development of energy and society must share its vision,” said Rae Kwon Chung.

According to the Global Energy Prize laureate 2005, Board member of VDI-GEU, Klaus Riedle, the greatest energy stress lies in the economic aspects. The standard of living and strength of the economy of any country is closely correlated with energy use per capita. There is a huge gap between the poor developing and the rich developed world. Energy projections to 2050 show an increase in global energy demand by about 50%, and in electricity by almost 100%. The ability of mankind to meet this challenge, according to the scientist, depends on several factors: fuel availability, technology of their use, global funding, and finally, environmental considerations.

“The problem of power supply of the world is so huge and complex that we need to use all currently available technologies,” said Klaus Riedle. – “Because the world's resources are unequally distributed, countries should establish reliable trade relations and investment in industry should be protected by the state. It is also necessary that the energy policy was balanced and consistent”.

Expanding the idea of energy priorities of the states, the Global Energy Prize laureate of 2016, head of the research Institute of catalysis SB RAS, academician Valentin Parmon noted: “The strategic objectives of the humanity are the rational use of the current resources base and gradual transition to renewable sources of energy. Of course, fossil fuels currently dominate, but we have an inexhaustible source of energy, the sun. Solar energy comes to Earth in quantities many times exceeding long-term needs of the humanity. We must develop the technologies of transformation it into the chemical fuel, and use the plant biomass. I would like to note that the extraction of wood in Russia is comparable with oil production, and half of it we don't use and throw away”.

Developing the theme of the promising energy sources, the Global Energy Prize laureate 2012, RAS academician Boris Katorgin stressed the importance of innovations in the field of space energy, superconductors, and high temperature materials. “There are projects, which offer to build a powerful solar power plant along the equator to transmit energy to any point of the globe, – he added. – “These projects exist and although it sounds fantastically, this is what we need to consider, especially the young scientists should consider it and move it forward. Maybe it will not be like we plan, but we will found the new ways”.

The Global Energy Prize laureate 2007 Thorsteinn Ingi Sigfusson, director general at Iceland Innovation center told the audience about the new technologies in energy producing. The author of many innovative projects in hydrogen and geothermal energy is developing his new project – use of the Gulf Stream water for warming of households on the Vestmannaeyjar islands. “The heat-pump technology can take seawater that is say 8°C and take out the heat. 12 MW of electricity are required for the heat-pumps functioning, whereas their effectiveness if three times higher: with the used electricity they can create 36 MW of heating power, which allows to essentially save resources”, - said the scientist.

Concluding the discussion, the Global Energy Prize laureate 2009, scientific supervisor at Institute of oil geology and geophysics RAS academician Alexey Kontorovich noted: “Advanced technologies are the brilliant achievements, but they are expected to be implemented mainly in developed countries and will help to decrease energy consumption in these countries. Long-term and short-term stress-factors need to be analyzed. We have many scientific achievements, but while analyzing subtle and crucial thing I would like us all not to overlook all stress-factors. Humankind needs to prepare for this. We need a new energy order accepted by all countries. Meanwhile politicians fail to compromise”.

The general opinion of the Global Energy Prize Summit participants comes down to the idea that stresses in energy play positive role, as they encourage scientific breakthroughs promoting energy to a new level of development.

As a recall, the Global Energy Prize Summit is held annually for the discussion of the most urgent energy issues and working out the precise mechanisms and ways of their solution. The tradition of the Global Energy Prize various years laureates meeting with the leading experts and authority representatives was founded in 2012 in  Moscow, where it took place for the first time. In different years the events was held in Brussels (Belgium), Singapore and Milan (Italy). It has always attracted such audience as the representatives of scientific community, world press, public figures and business and politics leaders.

Developed by Brickwall